Learn how to grow peppers in containers. Growing peppers in pots is a good idea if you don’t have much space or live in a cold, temperate climate, as it requires warm soil to thrive.
Due to the fact that the pepper is a vegetable plant with warm weather and requires considerably more heat than cucumber and tomato, growing peppers in pots is a good idea if you live in a cold climate.
How to Grow Bell Peppers in Containers
Growing peppers in a pot is easy. The first thing you need to do is buy the plant in a nursery or multiply it from seeds.
Choosing a Pot
Planting peppers in containers requires a pot that is at least 10-12 inches deep and wide and has sufficient drainage holes. Up to 2-3 plants (smaller varieties) can grow in such a pot. Do not use the black paint container when growing peppers in a tropical climate.
Buy good quality seeds at a local gardening store or buy them online. Also buy seed mix or make yourself. Fill small pots or seedling bowls with the seed mixture and plant two seeds in each pot, 2-3 cm deep.
Start the seeds 6-10 weeks before the last spring frost date. You can usually start with seeds at any time in subtropical and tropical climates, except in harsh summer.
The seeds germinate in 1 to 3 weeks, depending on weather conditions and seed quality. After germination, thin out thinly and keep only one plant per pot. If seedlings have 2 real leaves, they can be transplanted into the desired container.
Read More : How Many Bell Peppers Per Plant ?
Requirements for Growing Bell Pepper in Containers
Paprika loves the sun. The most productive pepper plants grow in warmth and heat. When growing peppers in pots, keep them in a position that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight a day. This place should be protected from strong winds.
Good soil is the key to productive pepper plants. Buy a top quality potting soil that is well drained, loose and fertile, or make your own potting soil. Potting soil must be rich in organic matter. Add well-rotted manure or compost in the combination of peat moss / coconut peat and vermiculite or perlite (alternatively sand). You can also add 5-10 g of neem cake at the time of soil preparation, which will protect the young plant from soil-borne diseases and pests.
Growing peppers need to be watered regularly to keep the soil slightly moist. The floor should never dry out completely. In any case, avoid wetting the leaves. Overhead irrigation can cause a fungal infection. Water at the base of the plant. Pepper plants also suffer from over-watering. Therefore, make sure that your plants are not sitting in the water.
Growing peppers need soil temperatures above 15 ° C for optimal growth. The optimal seed germination temperature is above 20 ° C. It easily tolerates temperatures of up to 35 ° C and up to 10 ° C. The ideal growth temperature is between 21 and 32 ° C.
Bell Pepper Care
Mulch to reduce water evaporation. Cover the base of the plant with organic matter such as leaves, pine bark, straws, paper or whatever is available to you.
Pepper plants like tomatoes are heavy feed and you need to fertilize the plant about every 15 days. When fertilizing, keep in mind that too much nitrogen-rich fertilizer can promote leaf growth. You can also feed the plant with tomato fertilizer. Feed the plant with compost or manure tea once a month. The monthly use of Epsom salt (2 tsp / gallon of water at the time of watering, you can also spray the plants with this solution) improves health and increases the yield of tomato and pepper plants, so it must also be used.
Pinching and Pruning
In the early stages, when the plant is young, regularly pinch tips to make them bushy. A cut is not necessary, but can be performed if necessary.
If your pepper plant blooms too early, this is important. This will direct the plant’s energy into growth and health. You can also stop the formation of new fruits if you want to speed up the ripening of peppers that are already growing on the plant by pinching off blooms that are coming up.
Pepper plants are self-fertile so you don’t have to worry about pollination. However, to get better fruits and improve productivity, you can gently shake the plants when they bloom.
You may need to support the plants. Either use tomato cages or just stick a stick near the main stem and tie the plant to it.
Pests and Diseases
Growing bell peppers in pots require care from aphids as they are the number one enemy of pepper plants. In hot and dry weather you’ll also need to keep an eye on spider mites.
Peppers are ready for harvest 60-90 days after transplanting. You can harvest them green when they reach their full size and remain firm. When left to ripen, the color changes to orange, yellow or red.
One fact: pepper is one of the richest sources of vitamin C (more than oranges).